The Good-enough Family Archivist
When you are interested in textiles, people assume you are interested in history and the old way of doing things. And quite often that leads to you becoming the family historian.
So quite possibly, you too have inherited boxes and boxes of family papers and photos, and you would love to get them all processed, but it just seems like such a massive undertaking, you don’t know where to start.
If you are an orderly person, and you want to process them all properly, then let me direct you to Denise Lenerick at her site, The Family Curator. She can walk through everything from how to choose and use a scanner, to how to research genealogy and cite sources.
But if you just want to occasionally dip into one of those dusty boxes, and pull out a piece of history to digitize and share with your relatives (or do that while awaiting a huge chunk of time to process them properly), then I have a few tips for you.
Here is how I sort, digitize, and store the items.
- scanner and printer (my scanner can do slides and negatives as well as regular photos)
- photo editing program (I am very happy with Photoshop Elements)
- word processing program
- binders, at least 2 to start with. I get sturdy ones with 2″ or 3″ rings, from thrift stores
- sheet protectors (these may not be truly archival, but I use them for my sorting and digitizing steps. When I get everything done, I will decide if I need to pursue archival folders.)
- slide pockets (even if you don’t have slides, for tiny photos)
- photo pockets in various sizes (I use baseball card pockets, and photo pockets for 3 x 5s, 4 x 6s, and 5 x 7s).
Set up a blog for your archive.
Why: By uploading all your scanned items to a blog, you can tag each post with location and people mentioned, dates, and so on, and then everything can be found and sorted easily, and shared with those you choose. I think this makes it much easier for family members to find the information they are interested in, instead of them trying to navigate a bunch of folders in OneDrive or Google Docs.
Being familiar with WordPress, I chose to set up our family blog as a private blog there. I chose the Triton Lite theme (the same one I use for this blog) because it shows thumbnails for each post on the home page.
In the Settings/General tab, I set it to private, and then sent invitations to family members so they could see all the content.
Set up some categories such as: letter, photos, travel, work, building info, etc.
Set up a page for “Chronology”.
Set up your binders. Put some sheet protectors and a variety of sizes of photo pockets into one binder. Leave the other one empty for now.
Scan first, sort later. Start with something easy.
Choose an item from your archive box that has a date on it. I will use this picture from 1946 as my example.
Scan the photo. I usually enhance them with the “Auto Contrast” tool, to increase clarity. Save the file by date and subject — for example, I would save this photo as “1946_01_01 Blueridge .”
Record that file name in pencil somewhere on the back of the original. In the future, if you are flipping through your stored originals, you will be able to tell you have already processed this item, and you will be able to find your computer file.
Make it a post on your archive blog – upload it, put it in a post, categorize it, and tag it with everything you can think of — year, decade, location, people involved. For this photo, I would tag the post with “1946, 1940s, China, ship, Blue Ridge, Navy,” and my father-in-law’s name. I would categorize it as “photo” and “travel.”
Publish the post.
Let the power of the internet sort everything for you.
Now is when I go through the extra step, to place things in order.
Family mementos are often stored randomly, meaning that the next item you pull from a box could be from a different decade or even century than the one before. Here is a screenshot of my blog page, showing how my recent posts cover years from 1822 right up to the present.
I could have tried to get all the items in order before processing them, but I cannot imagine how difficult that would be. I prefer to let WordPress do the ordering for me!
This is where the “Chronology” page comes in. Once I have completed a post, I make an entry for it on the chronology page — for example, “1946, January, the Blue Ridge in Shanghai,” and then I link to the post. (After working on this for 5 years, I have 336 posts, so my chronology page is very long.)
This way photos and documents can be scanned and uploaded in any order, yet be easy to find later. If I find more photos or documents from this same date or place, I can just add them to the post later.
Almost done! Put the original in a sheet protector and place it in the heretofore empty binder.
Hurray! You have processed one piece of history! You have a file on your computer, a file on your blog, and the original in a binder where you can find it again.
When putting the originals in binders, I arrange them by date if I know it. I usually have all the letters in one binder and the photos in another, but sometimes I can tell what goes together and I can put the photos with the right letter.
There are few things more satisfying than actually getting some old curled-up, faded photo preserved for the future.
Slightly More Difficult — Undated Photos
Most of our photos are undated, but they are in groups by their previous owner. I have a computer folder for each person’s photos, and I assign each photo a three-digit number. Again, I write the number on the back while scanning. I store them in pockets in a binder, not worrying about which ones should go together. I just want to get them digitized, and I will worry about sorting them later.
For handwritten documents, I scan and save the original, and then I transcribe it, and print out the transcription to store with the original document in a binder. I usually post them together on the family blog, but if I just post the scan OR the transcription, I make a note of that.
Sometimes I just read a little and type, but my eyes start to cross after looking back and forth at original and screen, so I have also tried talk-to-text applications. I have found Dragon Naturally Speaking to be pretty good, especially with place names that I am not even sure how to pronounce! (It does seem to miss prefixes though, and I have often read out phrases like “the officer misrepresented the conditions,” only to check the text and see that Dragon had recorded, “the officer represented the conditions,” which totally changes the meaning of the passage. So double check.)
Important Tips — record your file name on the transcription and somewhere on the original. I like to put it in the header of the transcription file.
Whenever you leave off from working on the items, make yourself notes as to what you are working on! So many times I think, “Oh, I will come back to this tomorrow,” and then it is months before I get back to it.
Most of the photo holder pages are rated as acid-free and archival quality, but ordinary sheet protectors for documents are not. I am using them anyway, to keep things organized, but at some point I may look into archival folders.
Things to do with your newly digitized files
1) Send a few in an email to your family members, especially the funny ones.
2) Choose some of the best pictures and make them into books for gifts. (I used Snapfish for this last year and it was the best gift I ever gave.)
4) Use them as inspiration for some textile art.
I hope this has been helpful. As with so many procedures, it is faster to actually do it, than to read about how to do it!
And as always, if you have a great textile or fashion photo that you would like to share here, just let me know and we will post it!